First Time, Case of Monkey Smallpox Found in Singapore

First Time, Case of Monkey Smallpox Found in Singapore For the first time, Singapore experienced a case of monkey pox. This was revealed after a Nigerian man reported a positive possession of the virus on May 8.

The Singapore Ministry of Health (MOH) stated that the 38-year-old man arrived on April 28. Currently, he is in stable condition in the isolation section of the National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID).

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"The patient reported that before his arrival in Singapore, he had attended a marriage in Nigeria, where he might consume bush meat which could be a source of transmission of the monkey smallpox virus," MOH wrote in an official statement as reported by Channel News Asia on Sunday (12 / 5/2019).

Transmission of monkey pox can occur from human to human through contact through infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions from patients, or objects contaminated with patient fluids. Some symptoms of monkey pox include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and skin rashes. Other complications can appear like pneumonia to death.

Then on April 30, he had fever, muscle aches, chills, and skin rashes. Until May 7, 2019, the man was more in his room until he was taken to Tan Tock Seng Hospital and referred to NCID.

To overcome the transmission, MOH also tracked and identified 23 people who had contact with patients. Including 18 people attending the workshop, one staff member from the workshop location and four hotel employees.

They stated that NCID offered vaccinations to prevent severe diseases and symptoms.

"As a precautionary measure, they will be quarantined and monitored for 21 days from the exposure date of the patient." Even so, no viral symptoms were found in those who came into contact with patients.

Risk of Low Transmission
Professor Leo Yee Sin, Executive Director of NCID said that the risk of the spread of monkey pox in Singapore was low. According to him, there is no evidence that human transmission can sustain monkey smallpox infection in the human population.

"The average infected person transmits the infection to less than one other person. This is far less contagious than the common cold. The chain of transmission can also be cut through tracking and quarantine close contact," Leo said.

Although the MOH states that this disease can heal itself in two to three weeks, people suspected of being in contact are still placed under surveillance. Apart from 23 people quarantined.

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